Canadian Services Business Activity Hits 14-month low in October

The Contraction of Canada’s Service Sector in October


In October, Canada’s service sector experienced a deepening contraction, primarily attributed to rising inflation and higher borrowing costs. The newly released S&P Global Canada Services PMI data unveiled these concerning trends. This article will delve into the details, analyzing the key findings and implications for Canadian Services Business Activity Hits 14-month low in October.

Deterioration in Business Activity in Canadian Services

The headline business activity index took a hit, dropping to 46.6 in October, a significant decline from the 47.8 recorded in September. This marked the lowest point since the identical figure of 46.6 in August 2022. A reading below 50 signifies contraction within the sector, casting a shadow on Canada’s economic landscape. So “Canadian Services Business Activity Hits 14-month low in October“.

Impact on the Services Economy of Canadian’s People

The data underscores the persistent challenges faced by Canada’s extensive services economy, which significantly contributes to the nation’s overall economic output.

Canadian Services Business Activity Hits 14-month low in October

As Paul Smith, Economics Director at S&P Global Market Intelligence, stated, “The nation’s vast services economy remained mired in contraction territory during October.” Furthermore, the operating conditions for service providers are deteriorating at an accelerated pace, with both activity and new business declining to their greatest degrees since August 2022.

New Business Index and Cost Pressures about Canadian Services

The new business index fell to 47.6 in October, down from 48.7 in September. This decline can be attributed to the mounting pressures from the increased cost of living and interest rates. The Bank of Canada’s decision to raise its benchmark rate to a 22-year high of 5% was aimed at addressing inflation, which was partially driven by a tight labor market.

Employment Trends and Cost Pressures

Although the employment index dipped, it remained above the 50.0 no-change mark for a second consecutive month. Companies made efforts to fill long-standing vacancies with suitably qualified staff. However, the need to offer higher wages to attract talent added to the cost pressures faced by businesses.

Rising Input Price Inflation in Canadian Services

The measure of input price inflation surged to 62.5, marking its highest level since July, when it also stood at 62.5. This trend underscores the growing concerns about the cost of inputs affecting the service sector, which could have broader economic implications.

Composite PMI Output Index

The S&P Global Canada Composite PMI Output Index, which encompasses both manufacturing and service sector activity, also showed concerning results. It dropped to 46.7 in October, down from 47.4 in September, reaching its lowest point since August 2022.


The contraction of Canada’s service sector in October raises concerns about the broader economic landscape. Rising inflation, increased borrowing costs, and challenges in attracting qualified staff are contributing to this contraction.

The Bank of Canada’s efforts to combat inflation have had ripple effects throughout the economy, affecting various Canadian Services Business Activity Hits 14-month low in October.

**Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)**

1. **What is the significance of a reading below 50 in the business activity index?**

   Ans. – A reading below 50 indicates contraction within the sector, suggesting a decline in business activity.

2. **How does rising inflation impact the service sector in Canada?**

   Ans. – Rising inflation can increase the cost of living and interest rates, putting pressure on the new business index and overall service sector performance.

3. **Why did the Bank of Canada raise its benchmark rate to 5%?**

   Ans. – The Bank of Canada raised its benchmark rate to address inflation, which was fueled in part by a tight labor market.

4. **How is the employment index affected by the need for higher wages?**

   Ans. – The need to pay higher wages to attract qualified staff can add to cost pressures but may also impact the employment index positively as firms seek to fill vacancies.

5. **What are the broader economic implications of the contraction in Canada’s service sector?**

   Ans. – The contraction in the service sector can have ripple effects on the broader economy, affecting employment, consumer spending, and overall economic growth.

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